{smcl}
{* 4Dec2007}{...}
{cmd:help samplesize}
{hline}
{title:Title}
{pstd}
{hi:Executes sample size/power calculations multiple times and produces graphical results}
{title:Syntax}
{p 8 17 2}
{cmdab:samplesize}
[{cmd:,} {it:options}]
{synoptset 20 tabbed}{...}
{synopthdr}
{synoptline}
{syntab:Main}
{synopt:{opt norestore} } replaces the current dataset with a dataset containing the samplesize calculations. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt null(numlist)} } specifies the "null value". {p_end}
{synopt:{opt alt(numlist)} } specifies the "alternative value". {p_end}
{synopt:{opt n1(numlist)} } specifies the size of sample 1.{p_end}
{synopt:{opt n2(numlist)} } specifies the size of sample 2.{p_end}
{synopt:{opt sd1(numlist)} } specifies the standard deviation of sample 1.{p_end}
{synopt:{opt sd2(numlist)} } specifies the standard deviation of sample 2.{p_end}
{synopt:{opt a:lpha(numlist)} } specifies the significance level of test. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt p:ower(numlist)} } specifies the power of the test. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt rho(numlist)} } {p_end}
{synopt:{opt s:olve(string)} } specifies whether to solve for the sample size or power. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt r:atio(numlist)} } specifies the ratio of sample sizes. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt onesam:ple} } specifies that a one-sample test is assumed. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt onesided} } specifies that a one-sided test is assumed. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt me:thod(string)} } specifies which analysis method to use.{p_end}
{synopt:{opt nocont:inuity} } specifies whether to not use a continuity correction. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt pre(numlist)} } specifies the number of baseline measurements. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt post(numlist)} } specifies the number of follow-up measurements. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt r0(numlist)} } specifies the correlation between baseline measurements. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt r1(numlist)} } specifies the correlation between follow-up measurements. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt r01(numlist)} } specifies the correlation between baseline and follow-up measurements. {p_end}
{syntab:{help sampsi_reg} options}
{synopt:{opt sy(numlist)} } specifies the standard deviation of the Y's. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt sx(numlist)} } specifies the standard deviation of the X's. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt yxcorr(numlist)} } specifies the correlation between Y's and X's. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt var:method(string)} } specifies the method for calculating the residual standard deviation. {p_end}
{syntab:{help sampsi_mcc} options}
{synopt:{opt m(numlist)} } specifies the number of matched controls per case. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt phi(numlist)} } specifies the correlation of exposure between pairs of subjects in the case-control matched set. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt p0(numlist)} } specifies the probability of exposure in the controls. {p_end}
{syntab:General Options}
{synopt:{opt command(string)} } specifies which sample size command to use. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt xvar(string)} } specifies the variable to be used as the x-variable in the plots. {p_end}
{synopt:{opt mlabel} } specifies that the values of each calculation are displayed in the graph.{p_end}
{synopt:{help twoway_options } } {p_end}
{synoptline}
{p2colreset}{...}
{title:Description}
{pstd}
Most of STATA's sample size calculation programs do not allow {hi:numlists} for the options.
{hi: samplesize} is designed to allow {hi:numlists} to do multiple calculations using various sample size commands.
The resulting sample sizes or power calculations are then drawn using a {hi:twoway} graph.
{pstd}
At present the following commands are supported (more will be introduced):
Help File Examples
{help sampsi} {help samplesize##ttest:Two-sample t-test}
{help sampsi_reg} {help samplesize##linreg:Linear regression }
{help sampsi_mcc} {help samplesize##mcc:Matched Case-Control }
{help sampsi_rho} {help samplesize##rho:Pearson Correlation }
{* help mvsampsi help samplesize##mv:Multivariate Regression }
{pstd}
Please email me if you want the introduction of other sample size commands.
{title:Updating this command}
{pstd}
To obtain the latest version click the following to uninstall the old version
{p_end}
{stata ssc uninstall samplesize}
And click here to install the new version
{stata ssc install samplesize}
{title:Options}
{dlgtab:Main}
{phang}
{opt norestore} replaces the current dataset with a dataset containing the samplesize calculations.
{phang}
{opt null(numlist)} specifies the "null value", #1 in {hi:sampsi}.
{phang}
{opt alt(numlist)} specifies the "alternative value", #2 in {hi:sampsi}.
{phang}
{opt n1(numlist)} size of sample 1. For {hi:sampsi_mcc} this is the number of cases.
{phang}
{opt n2(numlist)} size of sample 2.
{phang}
{opt sd1(numlist)} standard deviation of sample 1.
{phang}
{opt sd2(numlist)} standard deviation of sample 2.
{phang}
{opt a:lpha(numlist)} significance level of test; default is {hi:a(0.05)}.
{phang}
{opt p:ower(numlist)} power of test; default is {hi:p(0.9)}.
{phang}
{opt s:olve(string)} specifies whether to solve for the sample size or power; default is {hi:s(n)} solves for n and
the only other choice is {hi:s(power)} solves for power.
{phang}
{opt r:atio(numlist)} ratio of sample sizes; default is {hi:r(1)}.
{phang}
{opt onesam:ple} one-sample test; default is two-sample.
{phang}
{opt onesided} one-sided test; default is two-sided.
{phang}
{opt m:ethod(string)} analysis method is {hi:post}, {hi:change}, {hi:ancova}; default is {hi:m(all)}
although only {hi:ancova} will be plotted.
{phang}
{opt nocont:inuity} do not use continuity correction for two-sample test on proportions.
{phang}
{opt pre(numlist)} number of baseline measurements; default is {hi:pre(0)}.
{phang}
{opt post(numlist)} number of follow-up measurements; default is {hi:post(1)}.
{phang}
{opt r0(numlist)} correlation between baseline measurements; default is {hi:r0(0)}.
{phang}
{opt r1(numlist)} correlation between follow-up measurements; default is {hi:r1(0)}.
{phang}
{opt r01(numlist)} correlation between baseline and follow-up measurements; default is {hi:r01(0)}.
{dlgtab: sampsi_reg options}
{phang}
[{help sampsi_reg} option] {opt sy(numlist)} the standard deviation of the Y's.
{phang}
[{help sampsi_reg} option] {opt sx(numlist)} the standard deviation of the X's.
{phang}
[{help sampsi_reg} option] {opt yxcorr(numlist)} the correlation between Y's and X's.
{phang}
[{help sampsi_reg} option] {opt var:method(string)} specifies the method for calculating the residual standard deviation.
{opt varmethod(r)} uses the Y-X correlation and {opt varmethod(sdy)} uses the standard deviation of the Y's,
the default uses a direct estimate of the residual sd {opt sd1(#)}.
{dlgtab: sampsi_mcc options}
{phang}
[{help sampsi_mcc} option] {opt m(numlist)} specifies the number of matched controls per case; default is {hi:m(1)}.
{phang}
[{help sampsi_mcc} option] {opt phi(numlist)} specifies the correlation of exposure between pairs of subjects in the
case-control matched set; default is {hi:phi(0.2)}.
{phang}
[{help sampsi_mcc} option] {opt p0(numlist)} specifies the probability of exposure in the controls; default is {hi:p0(0.5)}.
{dlgtab:General Options}
{phang}
{opt command(string)} specifies which sample size command to use, the default is {hi:sampsi}.
{phang}
{opt mlabel} specifies that the values of each calculation are displayed in the graph.
{phang}
{opt xvar(string)} specifies the variable to be used as the x-variable in the resulting plots.
The default is the variable with the most values, this will work well for the majority of calculations.
{title:Examples}
{p 0 0}
The full interactive version runs from a dialog box
{stata db samplesize} (to be distributed in the near future)
{marker ttest}
{p 0 2}
Two-sample comparison of mean1 to mean2. Compute sample sizes with n2/n1 = 2:
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(132.86) alt(127.44) p(0.8) r(2(2)10) sd1(15.34) sd2(18.23)}
{break}
Compute power with n1 = n2, sd1 = sd2, and alpha = 0.01 one-sided:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(5.6) alt(6.1) n1(100) sd1(1.5) a(0.01(0.01)0.05) onesided }
{p 0 2}
One-sample comparison of mean to hypothesized value = 180. Compute sample size:
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(180) alt(211) sd(46(1)60) onesam }
{break}
One-sample comparison of mean to hypothesized value = 0. Compute power:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(0) alt(-2.5) sd(4(0.2)5) n(25(10)55) onesam }
{p 0 2}
Two-sample comparison of proportions. Compute sample size with n1 = n2 (i.e., ratio = 1, the
default) and power = 0.9 (the default):
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(0.25) alt(0.4(0.01)0.6)}
{break}
Compute power with n1 = 500 and ratio = n2/n1 = 0.5:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(0.25) alt(0.4) n1(300) r(0.5(0.1)0.9) }
{p 0 2}
One-sample comparison of proportion to hypothesized value = 0.5:
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(0.5) alt(0.75) power(0.8(0.01)0.9) onesample }
{break}
Compute power:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(0.5) alt(0.6) n1(200(10)400) onesam s(power)}
{p 0 2}
Repeated Measures
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(498) alt(483(0.2)487) sd1(20.2) sd2(19.5) method(change) pre(1) post(3) r1(.1(.1).9) solve(n) }
{break}
Compute power:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(498) alt(485) sd1(20.2) sd2(19.5) method(change) pre(1) post(1(1)10) r1(.7) n1(15) n2(15) solve(power)}
{marker linreg}
{p 0 2}
Linear Regression
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(0) alt(0.2(0.1)0.8) solve(n) command(sampsi_reg) }
{break}
Compute power:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(0) alt(0.6(0.1)1.6) sx(0.5(0.2)1.5) solve(power) command(sampsi_reg)}
{marker mcc}
{p 0 2}
Matched Case-control Study.
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, alt(1.2(0.1)1.8) m(1(1)5) solve(n) command(sampsi_mcc) }
{p 2 2}
How to display the exact sample sizes in the graph
{break}
{stata samplesize, alt(1.2(0.1)1.8) m(1(1)5) solve(n) command(sampsi_mcc) mlabel}
{p 2 2}
Compute power:
{break}
{stata samplesize, alt(1.2(0.1)3) phi(0.2(0.2)0.8) n1(100) solve(power) command(sampsi_mcc)}
{marker rho}
{p 0 2}
Pearson Correlation
{p_end}
{p 2 2}
{stata samplesize, null(0) alt(0.2(0.1)0.8) solve(n) command(sampsi_rho) }
{break}
Compute power:
{break}
{stata samplesize, null(0) alt(0.6(0.05)0.9) a(0.05 0.01) solve(power) command(sampsi_rho)}
{title:Author}
{p}
Adrian Mander, MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK.
Email {browse "mailto:adrian.mander@mrc-hnr.cam.ac.uk":adrian.mander@mrc-hnr.cam.ac.uk}
{title:See Also}
Related commands:
{help sampsi}
{help sampsi_reg} (if installed)
{help sampsi_mcc} (if installed)
{help sampsi_rho} (if installed)
{help sampclus} (if installed)
{help xsampsi} (if installed)
{help artmenu} (if installed)
{help mvsampsi} (if installed)
{help studysi} (if installed)
{help sskapp} (if installed)
{help ssizebi} (if installed)
{help optfixn} (if installed)
{help calcssi} (if installed)
{help ggipower} (if installed)
{help sampncti} (if installed)