{smcl}
{* 30april2003}{...}
{hline}
help for {hi:slideplot}
{hline}
{title:Sliding bar plot for frequencies or percents}
{p 8 17 2}
{cmd:slideplot}
{c -(} {cmd:bar} {c |} {cmd:hbar} {c )-}
{it:varname}
[{it:weight}]
[{cmd:if} {it:exp}]
[{cmd:in} {it:range}]
{cmd:,}
{cmdab:neg:ative(}{it:valuelist}{cmd:)}
{cmdab:pos:itive(}{it:valuelist}{cmd:)}
[
{cmd:by(}{it:byvarlist}{cmd:)}
{cmdab:perc:ent}
{it:graph_options}
]
{p 8 17 2}
{cmd:slideplot}
{c -(} {cmd:bar} {c |} {cmd:hbar} {c )-}
{it:varlist}
[{it:weight}]
[{cmd:if} {it:exp}]
[{cmd:in} {it:range}]
{cmd:,}
{cmdab:neg:ative(}{it:varlist}{cmd:)}
{cmdab:pos:itive(}{it:varlist}{cmd:)}
[
{cmd:by(}{it:byvarlist}{cmd:)}
{cmdab:perc:ent}
{it:graph_options}
]
{title:Description}
{p 4 4 2} {cmd:slideplot} produces a sliding bar plot showing frequencies (or
optionally percents) of categories using data from one or more variables. The
plot is most helpful if these categories can be ordered naturally, at least
approximately.
{p 4 4 2} The bar plot may be vertical or horizontal. The syntaxes
{cmd:slideplot bar} and {cmd:slideplot hbar} are specified to indicate use of
{help graph_bar:graph bar} and {help graph_bar:graph hbar} respectively. The
choice is a matter of personal taste, although in general horizontal displays
make it easier to identify names or labels of categories. Each bar is stacked
and each straddles zero. The frequencies or percents shown are plotted as
positive or negative.
{p 4 4 2}There are two syntaxes. The first is for a long data structure in
which categories are recorded in a single variable, which may be numeric or
string. The second is for a wide data structure in which frequencies of
categories are recorded in two or more variables, which must be numeric.
{p 4 4 2}{cmd:fweight}s and {cmd:aweight}s may be specified.
{title:Options}
{p 4 8 2} {cmd:negative()} and {cmd:positive()} are required options. With the
first syntax, the argument of each is a {it:valuelist}, i.e. a numeric list or
a list of string values. With the second syntax, it is a {it:varlist} of
numeric variables.
{p 8 8 2}In the first syntax, suppose we have data in a numeric variable
{cmd:opinion} on a 5 point opinion scale which we wish to plot, treating
frequencies of 1 and 2 as positive and frequencies of 4 and 5 as negative, and
ignoring the frequency of 3. The syntax is, minimally,
{cmd:slideplot hbar opinion, neg(5 4) pos(2 1)} or
{cmd:slideplot bar opinion, neg(5 4) pos(2 1)}.
Although {cmd:negative()} and {cmd:positive()} may be
specified in any order, both treat the order of values literally and as
specifying the order from left to right or from above to below. Thus the order
of bars plotted with this example is 5 4 2 1 with bars for 5 and 4 being
plotted on the negative side of 0 and bars for 2 and 1 being plotted on the
positive side of 0.
{p 8 8 2} Or suppose that we have data in a string variable {cmd:candidate}
which we wish to plot in terms of votes for "Bush" (on the right, naturally)
and of votes for "Gore" (on the left). The syntax is, minimally,
{cmd:slideplot hbar candidate, neg("Gore") pos("Bush")}.
{p 8 8 2}In the second syntax, suppose we have data in three numeric variables,
{cmd:Bush}, {cmd:Gore} and {cmd:Nader}, which we wish to plot. The order might
deserve discussion but one possibility is
{cmd:slideplot hbar Bush Gore Nader, neg(Nader Gore) pos(Bush)}.
{p 4 8 2}{cmd:by()} specifies that bars are to be shown separately for the
distinct combinations of {it:byvarlist}. This is not a required option but in
practice perhaps the most useful handle provided by {cmd:slideplot}. The
number of variables in {it:byvarlist} must not exceed two.
{p 4 8 2}{cmd:percent} stipulates that each bar be plotted in terms of percents
of the total. Thus
{cmd:slideplot hbar Bush Gore Nader, neg(Nader Gore) pos(Bush) percent}
will show totals for Bush, Gore and Nader as percents
of the total for all candidates, while
{cmd:slideplot hbar Bush Gore, neg(Gore) pos(Bush) percent}
will report Bush and Gore as percents of their total.
{p 4 8 2}{it:graph_options} refers to options of {help graph_bar:graph bar}
or {help graph_bar:graph hbar}.
{title:Examples}
{p 4 8 2}{inp:. use http://www.stata-press.com/data/r8/voter.dta}{p_end}
{p 4 8 2}({inp:candidat} is 2 for Clinton, 3 for Bush){p_end}
{p 4 8 2}{inp:. slideplot hbar candidat [w=frac], neg(2) pos(3) by(inc)}{p_end}
{p 4 8 2}{inp:. slideplot hbar candidat [aw=pfrac], neg(2) pos(3) by(inc)}
{p 4 8 2}{inp:. slideplot hbar answer [w=freq], by(lifecycle car) percent neg(1 2) pos(4 5) ylabel(-60(20)60)}
{title:Author}
Nicholas J. Cox, University of Durham
n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk
{title:Also see}
{p 0 19}On-line: help for {help majority} (if installed);
{help catplot} (if installed){p_end}