{smcl}
{* 03Feb2009}{...}
{hline}
{cmd:help clogithet}
{hline}
{title:Title}
{p2colset 5 18 20 2}{...}
{p2col :{hi: clogithet} {hline 2}}Heteroscedastic conditional logit model.{p_end}
{p2colreset}{...}
{title:Syntax}
{p 8 15 2}
{opt clogithet}
{depvar}
[{indepvars}]
{ifin}
{weight}
{cmd:,}
{cmdab:gr:oup:(}{varname}{cmd:)} {cmdab:het:(}{varlist}{cmd:)} [{it:options}]
{synoptset 26 tabbed}{...}
{synopthdr}
{synoptline}
{syntab:Model}
{p2coldent:* {opth gr:oup(varname)}}matched group variable{p_end}
{p2coldent:* {opth het(varlist)}}independent variables to model the variance{p_end}
{syntab:SE/Robust}
{synopt :{opt r:obust}}robust standard errors{p_end}
{synopt :{opth cl:uster(varname)}}adjust standard errors for intragroup
correlation{p_end}
{synopt :{opt opg}}standard errors based on the outer product of gradient matrix{p_end}
{syntab:Reporting}
{synopt :{opt lm}}report Lagrange multiplier test for heteroscedasticity{p_end}
{synopt :{opt clogit}}report (homoscedastic) conditional logit estimates{p_end}
{synoptline}
{p2colreset}{...}
{p 4 6 2}
* {opt group(varname)} and {opt het(varlist)} are required.{p_end}
{p 4 6 2}
{opt fweight}s, {opt iweight}s, and {opt pweight}s are allowed (see {help weight}),
but they are interpreted to apply to groups as a whole, not to individual observations.{p_end}
{title:Description}
{pstd}
{cmd:clogithet} fits a heteroscedastic version of McFadden's conditional logit model. This model
is also referred to as the parametrised heteroscedastic multinomial logit model
(Hensher et al., 1999) and the heteroscedastic logit model (DeShazo and Fermo, 2002; Hole, 2006).
{pstd}
Like {cmd:hetprob}, {cmd:clogithet} models the relationship between the error variance and a
list of user-specified variables. Note that in the case of {cmd:clogithet} it is the
{it:scale parameter} which is a function of exp(Z*gamma), rather than the variance itself.
The scale parameter is inversely related to the variance (see Hole, 2006, for details). The
variables in Z must be constant within groups, i.e. they must be characteristics of the
decision-maker rather than alternative attributes.
{pstd}
The data setup is the same as for {cmd:clogit}.
{pstd}
See {help logistic estimation commands} for a list of related estimation
commands.
{title:Options}
{dlgtab:Model}
{phang}
{opth group(varname)} is required; it specifies a numeric identifier variable for the
matched groups.
{phang}
{opth het(varlist)} is required; it specifies the independent variables in the variance
function.
{dlgtab:SE/Robust}
{phang}
{opt robust}, {opth cluster(varname)}; see {help estimation options}.
{phang}
{opt opg}; standard errors based on the outer product of gradient estimate of
the covariance matrix.
{dlgtab:Reporting}
{phang}
{opt lm}; report Lagrange multiplier test for heteroscedasticity (H0: gamma =0).
{phang}
{opt clogit}; report (homoscedastic) conditional logit estimates.
{dlgtab:Max options}
{phang}
{it:maximize_options}; {opt tech:nique(algorithm_spec)},
{opt iter:ate(#)}, {opt tr:ace}, {opt grad:ient},
{opt showstep}, {opt hess:ian}, {opt tol:erance(#)},
{opt ltol:erance(#)} {opt gtol:erance(#)}, {opt nrtol:erance(#)},
{opt from(init_specs)}, {opt dif:ficult}; see {help maximize}.
Note that {opt technique(bhhh)} is not allowed.
{title:Examples}
{phang}{cmd:. webuse travel}{p_end}
{phang}{cmd:. gen aasc = (mode == 1)}{p_end}
{phang}{cmd:. gen tasc = (mode == 2)}{p_end}
{phang}{cmd:. gen basc = (mode == 3)}{p_end}
{phang}{cmd:. clogithet choice aasc tasc basc termtime travelcost, group(id) het(partysize)}{p_end}
{phang}{cmd:. clogithet choice aasc tasc basc termtime travelcost, group(id) het(partysize) robust lm}{p_end}
{title:References}
{phang}DeShazo, J.R., Fermo, G., 2002. Designing choice sets for stated preference
methods: the effects of complexity on choice consistency. Journal of Environmental
Economics and Management 44, 123-143.
{phang}Hensher, D., Louviere, J., Swait, J., 1999. Combining sources of preference data.
Journal of Econometrics 89, 197-221.
{phang}Hole, A.R., 2006. Small-sample properties of tests for heteroscedasticity in the
conditional logit model. Economics Bulletin 3, 1-14. Available at
{browse "http://economicsbulletin.vanderbilt.edu/2006/volume3/EB-06C20063A.pdf"}{p_end}
{title:Author}
{phang}This command was written by Arne Risa Hole (a.r.hole@sheffield.ac.uk),
Department of Economics, University of Sheffield. Comments and suggestions are welcome. {p_end}
{title:Also see}
{psee}
Manual: {bf:[R] clogit}
{psee}
Online: {helpb clogit}{p_end}