{smcl}
{* 30Jan2007}{...}
{hline}
help for {hi:ivactest}
{hline}
{title:Perform Cumby-Huizinga test for autocorrelation after IV/OLS estimation}
{p 8 14}{cmd:ivactest}
{bind:[{cmd:,} {cmd:q(}{it:#}{cmd:)}}
{bind:[{cmd:,} {cmd:s(}{it:#}{cmd:)}}
]
{p}{cmd:ivactest} is for use after {help ivreg2}, {help ivreg}, {help regress} and {help newey}.
{cmd:ivactest} is for use with time-series data. You must {cmd:tsset} your data before
using {cmd:ivactest}; see {help tsset}. You may apply {cmd:ivactest} to a single time series
of a panel dataset. As of July 2013, we recommend that you use the {cmd:actest} command, available from
the SSC Archive, rather than {cmd:ivactest}.
{title:Description}
{p}{cmd:ivactest} performs the general specification test of serial correlation
proposed by Cumby and Huizinga (1992) after OLS or instrumental variables (IV)
estimation. In their words, the null hypothesis of the test is that the regression error is a
moving average of known order q>=0 against the general alternative that
autocorrelations of the regression error are nonzero at lags greater than q.
The test is general enough to test the hypothesis that the regression error has
no serial correlation (q=0) or the null hypothesis that serial correlation in
the regression error exists, but dies out at a known finite lag (q>0).
{p} The test is especially attractive because it can be used in three frequently
encountered cases where alternative such as the Box-Pierce test ({help wntestq}),
Durbin's h test ({help regress postestimationts##durbinalt}) and the Breusch-Godfrey
test ({help regress postestimationts##bgodfrey}) are not applicable. One of these
cases is the presence of endogenous regressors, which renders each of these
tests invalid. A second case involves the overlapping data commonly encountered
in financial markets where the observation interval is shorter than the holding
period, which requires the estimation of the induced moving average (MA) process. The
Cumby-Huizinga test avoids estimation of the MA process by utilizing only the
sample autocorrelations of the residuals and a consistent estimate of their
asymptotic covariance matrix. The third case involves conditional heteroskedasticity
of the regression error term, which is also handled without difficulty by
the Cumby-Huizinga test.
{p} If the prior estimation command estimated a VCE under the assumption of i.i.d. errors,
the Cumby-Huizinga statistic becomes the Breusch-Godfrey statistic for the same number
of autocorrelations, and will return the same result as {cmd:estat bgodfrey}. That special case
of the test was first derived by Sargan in an unpublished working paper in 1976, cited by
Cumby and Huizinga (fn. 13).
{p}{cmd:ivactest} can be used after OLS regression
with {cmd:regress}, {cmd:newey}, {cmd:ivreg} or {cmd:ivreg2} of Baum, Schaffer and Stillman (2003).
{title:Options}
{p 0 4}{cmd:q(}{it:#}{cmd:)} specifies the lowest lag order to be tested. By
default q=0. q>0 cannot be used if the previous command estimated a VCE under the
assumption of i.i.d. errors.
{p 0 4}{cmd:s(}{it:#}{cmd:)} specifies the number of lag orders to be tested. By
default s=1.
The default test is a test with the null hypothesis that the residuals are
nonautocorrelated versus the alternative that they exhibit AR(1).
The parameters s and q may be used to test any sequence of autocorrelations. For
instance, q(4) s(4) tests the null hypothesis that autocorrelations 5-8 of the
residual process are jointly zero, allowing autocorrelations 1-4 to take on
any value.
{title:Saved results}
{p}{cmd:ivactest} saves the value of the test statistic,
its p-value,
and the degrees of freedom of the test. It also saves the minimum and maximum
lag tested.
See {cmd:return list}.
{title:Examples}
{p 8 12}{stata "use http://www.stata-press.com/data/r9/lutkepohl.dta" : . use http://www.stata-press.com/data/r9/lutkepohl.dta }{p_end}
{p 8 12}(Quarterly SA West German macro data, Bil DM, from Lutkepohl 1993 Table E.1)
{p 8 12}{stata "regress investment income " : . regress investment income }
{p 8 12}{stata "ivactest" : . ivactest}{p_end}
{p 8 12}{stata "regress investment income, robust " : . regress investment income, robust}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivactest, s(4)" : . ivactest, s(4)}{p_end}
{p 8 12}{stata "newey investment income, lag(4) " : . newey investment income, lag(4)}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivactest, s(8)" : . ivactest, s(8)}{p_end}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivreg2 investment ( income= lconsumption lincome) " : . ivreg2 investment ( income= lconsumption lincome)}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivactest, s(2)" : . ivactest, s(2)}{p_end}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivactest, s(4)" : . ivactest, s(4)}{p_end}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivreg2 investment ( income= lconsumption lincome), gmm " : . ivreg2 investment ( income= lconsumption lincome), gmm}
{p 8 12}{stata "ivactest, q(4) s(4)" : . ivactest, q(4) s(4)}{p_end}
{title:References}
{p 0 4}Baum, C. F., Schaffer, M. E., Stillman, S., 2003. Instrumental variables and GMM:
Estimation and testing. The Stata Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-31.
Unpublished working paper version:
Boston College Department of Economics Working Paper No. 545.
{browse "http://fmwww.bc.edu/ec-p/WP545.pdf":http://fmwww.bc.edu/ec-p/WP545.pdf}
{p 0 4}Baum, C. F., Schaffer, M. E., and Stillman, S. 2007. Enhanced routines for instrumental variables/GMM
estimation and testing. Boston College Department of Economics Working Paper No. 667.
{p 0 4}Cumby, R. E. and Huizinga, J. 1992. Testing the autocorrelation structure
of disturbances in ordinary least squares and instrumental variables regressions.
Econometrica, Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 185-195.
{p}{cmd:ivactest} is not an official Stata command. It is a free contribution
to the research community, like a paper. Please cite it as such: {p_end}
{phang}Baum, C.F., Schaffer, M.E., 2007.
ivactest: Stata module to perform Cumby-Huizinga test for autocorrelation after IV/OLS estimation.
{browse "http://ideas.repec.org/c/boc/bocode/s456841.html":http://ideas.repec.org/c/boc/bocode/s456841.html}{p_end}
{title:Authors}
{p 0 4}Christopher F Baum, Boston College, USA{p_end}
{p 0 4}baum@bc.edu{p_end}
{p 0 4}Mark E. Schaffer, Heriot-Watt University, UK{p_end}
{p 0 4}m.e.schaffer@hw.ac.uk{p_end}
{title:Also see}
{p 1 14}Manual: {hi:[R] regression postestimation}{p_end}
{p 0 19}On-line: help for {help ivactest}, {help ivreg2}, {help ivhettest}, {help ivendog} (if installed)
{p_end}