```.-
help for ^mvsampsi^                                              (David E. Moor
> e)
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Sample size and power determination for multivariate regression
---------------------------------------------------------------

^mvsampsi^ # [^, a^lpha^(^#s^) p^ower^(^#s^) n(^#s^) ny(^#^) nx(^#^) nc(^
> #^)^ ]

Description
-----------

^mvsampsi^ estimates required sample size or power of tests for multivariate
F tests derived from Wilks' lambda.  If ^n()^ is specified, ^mvsampsi^ computes
>
power; otherwise, it computes sample size.  ^mvsampsi^ is an immediate command;
>
all of its arguments are numbers or ranges of numbers; see help @immed@.

At a given value of Wilks' lambda, ^mvsampsi^ computes power for each combina-
tion of alpha and n, or sample size for each combination of alpha and power.

Options
-------

Options that accept a range of values understand single values, a comma and/or
space delimited list of values, or entries of the form: #1 - #2 / #3.  The
latter specification acts as if you had entered every value between #1 and #2
at intervals of #3.  If #2 > #1, #3 is added to #1, otherwise #3 is subtracted
from #1 (i.e., it takes the absolute value of #3).  Thus, specifying a range
of ".01 - .05 / .01" is equivalent to ".05 - .01 / .01."

^alpha(^#s^)^ specifies the significance level of the test; the default is
1-level/100 from ^set level^, see help @level@.

^power(^#s^)^ is power of the test; the default is ^power(.90)^.

^n(^#s^)^ specifies the size(s) of the sample(s).  If specified, ^mvsampsi^
reports the power calculation.  If not specified, ^mvsampsi^ computes
sample size.

^ny(^#^)^ specifies the number of dependent variables.  Default is 1.

^nx(^#^)^ specifies the number of independent variables.  Count all but one
category of any categorical variable as separate independent variables
(e.g., a five category variable counts as four independent variables).
Default is 1.

^nc(^#^)^ specifies the number of control variables; categorical variables
treated as in ^nx()^.  Default is 0.

Remarks
-------

^mvsampsi^ follows Cohen's method of calculating power for multivariate
F tests based on Wilks' lambda (Cohen, 1988: 550-552).  A square root
normal approximation of the noncentral F distribution is used to obtain
power values.  The noncentrality parameter is a function of effect size,
sample size, and numerator df; effect size depends on Wilks' lambda, and
the number of dependent and independent variables.  ^mvsampsi^ quietly
calls ^mvsamp1i^ to perform the calculations; see help @mvsamp1i@.

Examples
--------

Compute power with lambda = .75, ny = 8, nx = 6, nc = 0, n = 100,
alpha = .01 and .05:

. ^mvsampsi .75, n(100) ny(8) nx(6) a(.01,.05)^

Compute power with lambda = .75, ny = 8, nx = 6, nc = 0, n = 100,
alpha = .01 to .05 at every .01:

. ^mvsampsi .75, n(100) ny(8) nx(6) a(.01-.05/.01)^

Compute power with lambda = .75, ny = 8, nx = 6, nc = 0, n = 100 and 200:

. ^mvsampsi .75, n(100 200) ny(8) nx(6)^

Compute sample size with lambda = .75, ny = 8, nx = 6, nc = 0, power = .8:

. ^mvsampsi .75, ny(8) nx(6) p(.8)^

Stored results
--------------

^mvsampsi^ stores in the ^\$S_^# macros:

^S_1^    Sample size
^S_2^    Alpha
^S_3^    Power
^S_4^    Wilks' lambda
^S_5^    Effect size
^S_6^    F associated with Wilks' lambda
^S_7^    df1 for F associated with Wilks' lambda
^S_8^    df2 for F associated with Wilks' lambda
^S_9^    R squared
^S_11^    Noncentrality parameter

Author
------

David E. Moore
The Hartman Group, Inc.
email: david@tinderboxthg.com

Also see
--------

Manual:  ^[R] sampsi^
On-line:  help for @mvsamp1i@
Reference:  Cohen, J.  1988.  Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral
Sciences, 2nd Ed.  Hillsdale, New Jersey: LEA.
```