{smcl}
{* 9sept2006/5nov2006}{...}
{hline}
help for {hi:nruns}{right:(SJ6-4: st0044_1)}
{hline}
{title:Number of runs compared with random shuffles}
{p 8 17 2}
{cmd:nruns}
{it:varname}
{ifin}
[
{cmd:, nreps(}{it:#}{cmd:)}
{cmd:saving(}{it:filename} [{cmd:, replace}]{cmd:)}
]
{title:Description}
{p 4 4 2}{cmd:nruns} counts runs in a sequence of values given by
{it:varname}, which may be either numeric or string, showing the
successive occurrence of categories, such as {cmd:1 2 2 2 3 3 3 1 1 1}
or {cmd:A A A A B B A A}. A run ends when values change from one
category to another or at the end of the sequence. Thus in these
examples there are four and three runs respectively.
{p 4 4 2}{cmd:nruns} shuffles the sequence randomly a given number of
times. It displays the simulated frequency and probability distributions
under randomness of the number of runs possible with the same values and
the probabilities of less than, the same number as, or more than that
observed.
{p 4 4 2}To ensure reproducible results, {help generate:set seed}
beforehand.
{title:Options}
{p 4 8 2}{cmd:nreps()} indicates the number of shuffles to be simulated.
The default is 10000.
{p 4 8 2}{cmd:saving()} indicates that results, meaning variables containing
values, number of runs, frequencies and probabilities, should be saved
to the specified file.
{title:Examples}
{p 4 8 2}{cmd:. nruns sequence}
{title:Saved values}
{col 5}r(pless) {col 18}probability of less runs than observed
{col 5}r(psame) {col 18}probability of same number of runs as observed
{col 5}r(pmore) {col 18}probability of more runs than observed
{title:Authors}
{p 4 4 2}Nicholas J. Cox, Durham University, UK{break}
n.j.cox@durham.ac.uk
{p 4 4 2}Nigel C. Smeeton, King's College London, UK{break}
nigel.smeeton@kcl.ac.uk
{title:Acknowledgments}
{p 4 4 2}Kit Baum and William Gould made valuable suggestions on speeding up
the Mata code.
{title:References}
{p 4 8 2}Smeeton, N. and Cox, N.J. 2003.
Do-it-yourself shuffling and the number of runs under randomness.
{it:Stata Journal} 3: 270{c -}277.
{p 4 8 2}Sprent, P. and Smeeton, N.C. in press.
{it:Applied Nonparametric Statistical Methods}
(4th edition; see section 7.6.2).
Boca Raton, FL: CRC.
{title:Also see}
{p 4 13 2}Online: {help nrunsi}