help rcd


recursively traverse directories and execute any command in or for each one of them


rcd [directory_name], [verbose] [depth(integer >= 1)] [dirfilter(regular expression)] [: command]


rcd expects a directory name otherwise the current working directory is used. rcd proceeds to recursively visit all subdirectories starting there. rcd will display what directories it goes to in verbose mode, obey a maximum depth if one is specified and it will optionally run a command in each directory if desired. Which directories the submitted command are run in can be selected by using the dirfilter() option.

rcd may be thought of as a recursor. A typical example of what you can do using it is: . rcd . : dir "data"

which would result in visiting every subdirectory starting where you are wanting to see the Stata datafiles in each one of them.

Another way to achieve the same thing would be to use the returned macros that rcd generates: . rcd . . forvalues i = 1(1)`r(tdirs)'{ . dir "`r(ndir`i')'`c(dirsep)'*dta" . }


verbose specifies to print the directories that rcd visits. By default, if rcd is invoked with no directory specified or options specified, then rcd runs in verbose mode.

depth specifies an integer value greater than or equal to 1 (one) to limit how far down the directory tree rcd will go. depth(1) specifies not to look in subdirectories.

dirfilter specifies regular expression to limit what directories the specified command will be run in. If you want to see what directories your command will be run in, use rcd and specify to run pwd like so: . rcd , dirfilter(data) : pwd

Remarks Since rcd runs whatever Stata command and changes directories in the process, if there is a lot printed to the results window and you get tired of clicking more to continue and quit, then your current directory may not be where you started. To quickly get back to the directory you were in when you invoked rcd just use the returned local macro r(sdir) like so: . cd "`r(sdir)'"


Only look in directories whose names contain the word "data": . rcd . , dirfilter(data)

An example from the realm of managing your files and your data can be constructed by using the grep command: . rcd . . return list . forvalues i = 1(1)`r(tdirs)'{ . grep Family Children, path("`r(ndir`i')'`c(dirsep)'data") . }

The code above locates and lists Stata datafiles to either use or describe all or part of each dataset found in the current directory or any of its subdirectories whose variable names or labels contain either of the words "Family" or "Children". Another way to do the same thing by listing as you go would be: . rcd . : grep Family Children

Saved results

rcd saves the following in r():

Macros r(sdir) directory rcd was invoked in r(tdirs) total number of directories searched r(ndir1) name of the first directory searched r(ndir2) name of the second directory searched

Author Nikos Askitas IDSC of IZA IZA, Bonn Germany

Dan Blanchette Center of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Duke University's Fuqua School of Business

Also see

Online: help for cd, dir